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rayopt.c

#ifndef lint
static const char RCSid[] = "$Id: rayopt.c,v 1.4 2007/09/05 01:36:37 greg Exp $";
#endif
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------

             Triangle Bounder/Smoother for POV-Ray
                by Steve Anger 1993

    A number of C routines that can be used to generate POV-Ray ray tracer
 files from triangle data.  Supports generation of smooth triangles and an
 optimal set of bounding shapes for much faster traces.  Output files are
 compatible with POV-Ray v1.0.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

#ifdef __TURBOC__
#include <alloc.h>
#endif

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <math.h>
#include "vect.h"
#include "rayopt.h"

#if defined(applec) || defined(THINK_C)
#include "RAW2POV.mac.h"
#else
#define COOPERATE
#endif

#define HASHSIZE  1000          /* Size of hash table for vertex lookup */
#define DEGEN_TOL (1e-8)        /* float comparison tolerance for checking */
                        /* for degenerate triangles */
#define MAX_TEX   500           /* Maximum allowable number of texture */
                        /* declarations */

#define POV10   0
#define POV20   1
#define VIVID   2
#define POLYRAY 3
#define MGF 4

#ifndef MAXFLOAT
#define MAXFLOAT (1e37)
#endif

                        /* computed luminances for RGB */
#define CIE_Y_r         0.265
#define CIE_Y_g         0.670
#define CIE_Y_b         0.065

typedef struct {
    float red;
    float green;
    float blue;
} Palette;

typedef char *Texture;

typedef struct {
    unsigned vert[3];
    unsigned text_index;
    char     text_type;
    char     flag;
} Triangle;


/* Linked list of triangles */
typedef struct TList {
    Triangle     *tri;
    struct TList *next;
} TriList;


/* Double linked list of triangles */
typedef struct TList2 {
    Triangle      *tri;
    struct TList2 *prev;
    struct TList2 *next;
} TriList2;


/* List of triangle vertices */
typedef struct VList {
    unsigned     vert;
    struct VList *next;
} VertList;


/* List of triangle groups */
typedef struct GTree {
    TriList2     *index[3];    /* Triangles indexed by x, y, and z coord */
    Vector       vmin;         /* min/max extents of triangle vertices */
    Vector       vmax;         /*    "       "     "     "        "     */
    float        area;         /* Total surface area of bounding region */
    unsigned     obj_cnt;      /* Total number of triangles in group */
    int          child_cnt;    /* Number of children */
    int          split_cnt;    /* Number of times this node has been split */
    struct GTree *parent;      /* Parent of this node */
    struct GTree *next;        /* Next node at this level */
    struct GTree *child;       /* First child of this ndoe */
} GroupTree;

static Palette   *ptable;      /* Palette table */
static unsigned  pmax;         /* Maximum size of table */
static unsigned  psize;        /* Current size */

static Texture   *ttable;      /* Named texture table */
static unsigned  tmax;         /* Maximum size of table */
static unsigned  tsize;        /* Current size */

static Vector    *vtable;      /* Vertice table */
static unsigned  vmax;         /* Maximum size of table */
static unsigned  vsize;        /* Current size */

static Vector    gmin = {+MAXFLOAT, +MAXFLOAT, +MAXFLOAT};
static Vector    gmax = {-MAXFLOAT, -MAXFLOAT, -MAXFLOAT};

static Matrix    trans_matrix;
static int       use_transform = 0;

static VertList  **vert_hash;    /* Hash table for looking up vertices */
static TriList   **tri_index;    /* Index for smooth triangle generation */

static GroupTree *groot;         /* Tree representing the object hierarchy */

static int       initialized  = 0;
static int       quiet_mode   = 0;
static int       bound_mode   = 0;
static float     smooth_angle = 0.0;
static unsigned  vert_init    = 0;
static int       dec_point    = 4;
static int       out_format   = POV10;

static char      out_file[64] = "rayopt.pov";
static char      inc_file[64] = "rayopt.inc";

static unsigned  tot_bounds   = 0;
static unsigned  object_cnt   = 0;

static Vector    last_vmin = {0.0, 0.0, 0.0};
static Vector    last_vmax = {0.0, 0.0, 0.0};
static unsigned  last_vert_cnt = 0;
static unsigned  last_tri_cnt = 0;
static float     last_index = 0.0;
static unsigned  last_bounds = 0;

static Palette   last_pal;
static char      last_texture[64] = "";
static unsigned  texture_index;
static char      texture_type;
static char      object_name[64] = "";

static float     orig_tpr;    /* Number of Tests Per Ray before optimization */
static float     final_tpr;   /*    "   "    "    "   "  after optimization */
static float     bound_cost;  /* Cost of testing a bound relative to testing */
                        /* a triangle */

/* Function prototypes */
void init_object (void);
void cleanup_object (void);
float calc_tpr (GroupTree *gnode);
GroupTree *create_group (void);
void delete_tree (GroupTree *gnode);
void optimize_tree (GroupTree *gnode);
void test_split (GroupTree *gnode, int axis, float *best_rtpr, TriList2 **
      best_loc);
void split_group (GroupTree *gnode, int axis, TriList2 *split_loc, GroupTree *
      *group_a, GroupTree **group_b);
void write_file (void);
void write_box (Vector v1, Vector v2, Triangle *tri);
void write_pov10_tree (FILE *f, GroupTree *gnode, int level);
void write_pov10_texture (FILE *f, Triangle *tri);
void write_pov10_transform (FILE *f, Matrix matrix);
void write_pov10_header (FILE *f);
void write_pov10_triangle (FILE *f, Triangle *tri, int one_texture);
void write_pov10_bound (FILE *f, GroupTree *gnode);
void write_pov20_tree (FILE *f, GroupTree *gnode, int level);
void write_pov20_texture (FILE *f, Triangle *tri);
void write_pov20_transform (FILE *f, Matrix matrix);
void write_pov20_header (FILE *f);
void write_pov20_triangle (FILE *f, Triangle *tri, int one_texture);
void write_pov20_bound (FILE *f, GroupTree *gnode);
void write_vivid_tree (FILE *f, GroupTree *gnode);
void write_vivid_transform (FILE *f, Matrix matrix);
void write_vivid_texture (FILE *f, Triangle *tri);
void write_vivid_header (FILE *f);
void write_vivid_triangle (FILE *f, Triangle *tri);
void write_polyray_tree (FILE *f, GroupTree *gnode);
void write_polyray_transform (FILE *f, Matrix matrix);
void write_polyray_texture (FILE *f, Triangle *tri);
void write_polyray_header (FILE *f);
void write_polyray_triangle (FILE *f, Triangle *tri);
void write_mgf_tree (FILE *f, GroupTree *gnode, int level);
void write_mgf_texture (FILE *f, Triangle *tri);
void write_mgf_transform (FILE *f, Matrix matrix);
void write_mgf_header (FILE *f);
void write_mgf_triangle (FILE *f, Triangle *tri);
void update_node (GroupTree *gnode);
void sort_indexes (GroupTree *gnode);
void quick_sort (TriList2 *start, TriList2 *end, int axis);
float surf_area (float a, float b, float c);
float max_vertex (Triangle *tri, int axis);
float min_vertex (Triangle *tri, int axis);
float avg_vertex (Triangle *tri, int axis);
void build_tri_index (void);
void dump_tri_index (void);
void vert_normal (Triangle *t, Vector *norm);
void tri_normal (Triangle *t, Vector normal);
unsigned pal_lookup (float red, float green, float blue);
unsigned texture_lookup (char *texture_name);
unsigned vert_lookup (float x, float y, float z);
int degen_tri (float ax, float ay, float az, float bx, float by, float bz,
       float cx, float cy, float cz);
void abortmsg (char *msg, int exit_code);
float fltmin (float a, float b);
float fltmax (float a, float b);
void add_ext (char *fname, char *ext, int force);
void cleanup_name (char *name);


void opt_set_format (int format)
{
    if (format != POV10 && format != POV20 && format != VIVID
            && format != POLYRAY && format != MGF)
      abortmsg ("ERROR: Invalid parameter passed to opt_set_format.", 1);

    out_format = format;
}


void opt_set_fname (char *out_name, char *inc_name)
{
    FILE *f;

    strcpy (out_file, out_name);

    if (strlen(inc_name) > 0)
      strcpy (inc_file, inc_name);
    else {
      strcpy (inc_file, out_file);

      switch (out_format) {
          case POV10:
          case POV20:   add_ext (inc_file, "inc", 1);
                    break;
          case VIVID:   add_ext (inc_file, "vo", 1);
                    break;
          case POLYRAY: add_ext (inc_file, "inc", 1);
                    break;
          case MGF:     add_ext (inc_file, "inc", 1);
                    break;
      }
    }

    if (strcmp (out_file, inc_file) == 0)
      abortmsg ("Main file and include file cannot have the same name", 1);

    if ((f = fopen (out_file, "w")) == NULL) {
      printf ("Cannot open output file %s\n", out_file);
      exit (1);
    }

    fclose (f);

    if ((f = fopen (inc_file, "w")) == NULL) {
      printf ("Cannot open output file %s\n", inc_file);
      exit (1);
    }

    fclose (f);
}


void opt_set_quiet (int quiet)
{
    if (quiet != 0 && quiet != 1)
      abortmsg ("ERROR: Invalid parameter passed to opt_set_quiet.", 1);

    quiet_mode = quiet;
}


void opt_set_bound (int bound)
{
    if (bound != 0 && bound != 1 && bound != 2)
      abortmsg ("ERROR: Invalid parameter passed to opt_set_bound.", 1);

    bound_mode = bound;
}


void opt_set_smooth (float  smooth)
{
    if (smooth < 0.0 || smooth > 180.0)
      abortmsg ("ERROR: Invalid parameter passed to opt_set_smooth.", 1);

    smooth_angle = smooth;
}


void opt_set_vert (unsigned vert)
{
    vert_init = vert;
}


void opt_set_dec (int dec)
{
    if (dec < 0 || dec > 9)
      abortmsg ("ERROR: Invalid parameter passed to opt_set_dec.", 1);

    dec_point = dec;
}


void opt_set_color (float  red, float  green, float  blue)
{
    if (!initialized)
      init_object();

    if (last_pal.red != red || last_pal.green != green ||
                         last_pal.blue != blue || psize == 0)
    {
      last_pal.red   = red;
      last_pal.green = green;
      last_pal.blue  = blue;

      texture_index = pal_lookup (red, green, blue);
    }

    texture_type = 0;   /* An RGB texture */
}


void opt_set_texture (char *texture_name)
{
    char new_texture[64];

    if (!initialized)
      init_object();

    strcpy (new_texture, texture_name);
    cleanup_name (new_texture);

    if (strcmp (last_texture, new_texture) != 0) {
      strcpy (last_texture, new_texture);
      texture_index = texture_lookup (new_texture);
    }

    texture_type = 1;   /* A named texture */
}


/* Set a transformation matrix for the next object */
void opt_set_transform (Matrix mat)
{
    int i, j;

    for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
      for (j = 0; j < 3; j++)
          trans_matrix[i][j] = mat[i][j];
    }

    use_transform = 1;
}


void opt_clear_transform()
{
    use_transform = 0;
}


/* Add a new triangle to the database */
int opt_add_tri (float  ax, float  ay, float  az,
             float  bx, float  by, float  bz,
             float  cx, float  cy, float  cz)
{
    TriList2 *new_node;
    Triangle *new_tri;
    int      i;

    /* Check if the triangle is degenerate (zero area), if so return -1 */
    if (degen_tri (ax, ay, az, bx, by, bz, cx, cy, cz))
      return -1;

    if (!initialized)
      init_object();

    /* Allocate memory for the new triangle */
    new_tri = malloc (sizeof(Triangle));
    if (new_tri == NULL)
      abortmsg ("Insufficient memory for new triangles.", 1);

    /* Look up the vertex and texture indexes */
    new_tri->vert[0] = vert_lookup (ax, ay, az);
    new_tri->vert[1] = vert_lookup (bx, by, bz);
    new_tri->vert[2] = vert_lookup (cx, cy, cz);

    new_tri->text_index = texture_index;
    new_tri->text_type  = texture_type;

    new_tri->flag = 0;

    for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
      /* Create a new index node */
      new_node = malloc (sizeof(TriList2));
      if (new_node == NULL)
          abortmsg ("Insufficient memory for triangles.", 1);

      /* Point the index entry to the new triangle */
      new_node->tri = new_tri;

      /* Insert the new index node into the list */
      new_node->next = groot->index[i];
      new_node->prev = groot->index[i]->prev;
      groot->index[i]->prev->next = new_node;
      groot->index[i]->prev = new_node;
    }

    ++(groot->obj_cnt);

    return 0;
}


/* For compatability */
void opt_write_pov (char *obj_name)
{
    opt_write_file (obj_name);
}


/* Optimize and write file */
void opt_write_file (char *obj_name)
{
    VertList *temp;
    int      i;

    if (out_format != POV10 && out_format != POV20)
      bound_mode = 2;

    if (!initialized || groot->obj_cnt == 0) {
      orig_tpr = 1.0;
      final_tpr = 0.0;
      tot_bounds = 0;
      return;   /* No triangles where ever added, nothing to write */
    }

    strcpy (object_name, obj_name);
    cleanup_name (object_name);

    ++object_cnt;

    /* Dump the hash table, don't need it any more */
    for (i = 0; i < HASHSIZE; i++) {
      while (vert_hash[i] != NULL) {
          temp = vert_hash[i];
          vert_hash[i] = vert_hash[i]->next;
          free (temp);
      }
    }

    /* Build the vertice index */
    build_tri_index();

    if (bound_mode != 2) {
      if (!quiet_mode)
          printf ("Building indexes\n");

      sort_indexes (groot);
    }

    update_node (groot);

    if (!quiet_mode) {
      printf ("Adding bounds (1)\r");
      fflush(stdout);;
    }

    /* Optimize the tree */
    orig_tpr = calc_tpr (groot);

    if (bound_mode != 2)
      optimize_tree (groot);

    final_tpr = calc_tpr (groot);

    /* Write the file */
    write_file();

    /* Free up the vertex index */
    dump_tri_index();

    cleanup_object();
}


void opt_write_box (char *obj_name)
{
    VertList *temp;
    int i;

    if (!initialized || groot->obj_cnt == 0) {
      orig_tpr = 1.0;
      final_tpr = 0.0;
      tot_bounds = 0;
      return;   /* No triangles where ever added, nothing to write */
    }

    strcpy (object_name, obj_name);
    cleanup_name (object_name);

    ++object_cnt;

    /* Dump the hash table, don't need it any more */
    for (i = 0; i < HASHSIZE; i++) {
      while (vert_hash[i] != NULL) {
          temp = vert_hash[i];
          vert_hash[i] = vert_hash[i]->next;
          free (temp);
      }
    }

    orig_tpr = final_tpr = 1.0;

    update_node (groot);

    write_box (groot->vmin, groot->vmax, groot->index[0]->next->tri);

    cleanup_object();
}


void opt_finish()
{
    FILE *f;

    f = fopen (out_file, "a");

    switch (out_format) {
      case POV10:
            if (object_cnt > 2 && bound_mode == 0)
              fprintf (f, "composite {  /* All Objects */\n    ");

          fprintf (f, "#include \"%s\"\n", inc_file);

          if (object_cnt > 2 && bound_mode == 0) {
            fprintf (f, "\n");
            fprintf (f, "    bounded_by {\n");
            fprintf (f, "        box { <%.4f %.4f %.4f> <%.4f %.4f %.4f> }\n",
                               gmin[X], gmin[Y], gmin[Z],
                               gmax[X], gmax[Y], gmax[Z]);
            fprintf (f, "    }\n");
              fprintf (f, "}\n\n");
            }
          break;

      case POV20:
            if (object_cnt > 2 && bound_mode == 0)
                fprintf (f, "union {\n    ");

          fprintf (f, "#include \"%s\"\n", inc_file);

          if (object_cnt > 2 && bound_mode == 0) {
            fprintf (f, "\n");
            fprintf (f, "    bounded_by {\n");
            fprintf (f, "        box { <%.4f, %.4f, %.4f>, <%.4f, %.4f, %.4f> }\n",
                               gmin[X], gmin[Y], gmin[Z],
                               gmax[X], gmax[Y], gmax[Z]);
            fprintf (f, "    }\n");
                fprintf (f, "}\n\n");
            }
          break;

      case VIVID:
          fprintf (f, "#include %s\n\n", inc_file);
          break;

      case POLYRAY:
          fprintf (f, "include \"%s\"\n\n", inc_file);
          break;

      case MGF:
          fprintf (f, "i %s\n", inc_file);
          break;
    }

    fclose (f);
}



void opt_get_limits (float  *min_x, float  *min_y, float  *min_z,
                 float  *max_x, float  *max_y, float  *max_z)
{
    *min_x = last_vmin[X];
    *min_y = last_vmin[Y];
    *min_z = last_vmin[Z];

    *max_x = last_vmax[X];
    *max_y = last_vmax[Y];
    *max_z = last_vmax[Z];
}


void opt_get_glimits (float  *min_x, float  *min_y, float  *min_z,
                  float  *max_x, float  *max_y, float  *max_z)
{
    *min_x = gmin[X];
    *min_y = gmin[Y];
    *min_z = gmin[Z];

    *max_x = gmax[X];
    *max_y = gmax[Y];
    *max_z = gmax[Z];
}


unsigned opt_get_vert_cnt()
{
    return last_vert_cnt;
}


unsigned opt_get_tri_cnt()
{
    return last_tri_cnt;
}


float  opt_get_index()
{
    return last_index;
}


unsigned opt_get_bounds()
{
    return last_bounds;
}


void init_object()
{
    int i;

    last_pal.red   = 0.0;
    last_pal.green = 0.0;
    last_pal.blue  = 0.0;

    strcpy (last_texture, "");

    bound_cost = 1.6;

    /* Allocate memory for palette lookup table */
    pmax   = 10;
    psize  = 0;
    ptable = malloc (pmax * sizeof(Palette));
    if (ptable == NULL)
      abortmsg ("Insufficient memory for palette.", 1);

    /* Allocate memory for texture table */
    tmax   = 10;
    tsize  = 0;
    ttable = malloc (tmax * sizeof(Texture));
    if (ttable == NULL)
      abortmsg ("Insufficient memory for textures.", 1);

    /* Allocate memory for vertex lookup table */
    vmax = (vert_init > 0) ? vert_init : 1000;
    vsize  = 0;
    vtable = malloc (vmax * sizeof(Vector));
    if (vtable == NULL)
      abortmsg ("Insufficient memory for vertices.", 1);

    /* Allocate memory for vertex hash table */
    vert_hash = malloc (sizeof(VertList*)*HASHSIZE);
    if (vert_hash == NULL)
      abortmsg ("Insufficient memory for vertex hash table.", 1);

    /* Initialize the vertex lookup hash table */
    for (i = 0; i < HASHSIZE; i++)
      vert_hash[i] = NULL;

    /* Start with an empty root node */
    groot = create_group();

    tot_bounds = 1;
    initialized = 1;
}


void cleanup_object()
{
    int i;
    Vector corners[8];  /* Corners of box */

    last_vert_cnt = vsize;
    last_tri_cnt  = groot->obj_cnt;
    last_index    = orig_tpr/final_tpr;
    last_bounds   = tot_bounds;

    vect_copy (last_vmin, groot->vmin);
    vect_copy (last_vmax, groot->vmax);

    /* Calculate the corners of the bounding box */
    corners[0][X] =  groot->vmin[X];
    corners[0][Y] =  groot->vmin[Y];
    corners[0][Z] =  groot->vmin[Z];

    corners[1][X] =  groot->vmin[X];
    corners[1][Y] =  groot->vmin[Y];
    corners[1][Z] =  groot->vmax[Z];

    corners[2][X] =  groot->vmax[X];
    corners[2][Y] =  groot->vmin[Y];
    corners[2][Z] =  groot->vmin[Z];

    corners[3][X] =  groot->vmax[X];
    corners[3][Y] =  groot->vmin[Y];
    corners[3][Z] =  groot->vmax[Z];

    corners[4][X] =  groot->vmin[X];
    corners[4][Y] =  groot->vmax[Y];
    corners[4][Z] =  groot->vmin[Z];

    corners[5][X] =  groot->vmax[X];
    corners[5][Y] =  groot->vmax[Y];
    corners[5][Z] =  groot->vmin[Z];

    corners[6][X] =  groot->vmin[X];
    corners[6][Y] =  groot->vmax[Y];
    corners[6][Z] =  groot->vmax[Z];

    corners[7][X] =  groot->vmax[X];
    corners[7][Y] =  groot->vmax[Y];
    corners[7][Z] =  groot->vmax[Z];

    /* Include any transformation in the box calcs */
    if (use_transform) {
      for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
          vect_transform (corners[i], corners[i], trans_matrix);
    }

    for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
      gmin[X] = (corners[i][X] < gmin[X]) ? corners[i][X] : gmin[X];
      gmin[Y] = (corners[i][Y] < gmin[Y]) ? corners[i][Y] : gmin[Y];
      gmin[Z] = (corners[i][Z] < gmin[Z]) ? corners[i][Z] : gmin[Z];

      gmax[X] = (corners[i][X] > gmax[X]) ? corners[i][X] : gmax[X];
      gmax[Y] = (corners[i][Y] > gmax[Y]) ? corners[i][Y] : gmax[Y];
      gmax[Z] = (corners[i][Z] > gmax[Z]) ? corners[i][Z] : gmax[Z];
    }

    free (ptable);
    free (vtable);
    free (vert_hash);

    for (i = 0; i < tsize; i++)
      free (ttable[i]);

    free (ttable);

    delete_tree (groot);

    initialized = 0;
}


/* Calculate the number of Tests Per Ray (tpr) required for this group */
float  calc_tpr (GroupTree *gnode)
{
    GroupTree *g;
    float     tpr;

    if (gnode->child_cnt == 0)
      return gnode->obj_cnt;

    tpr = bound_cost * gnode->child_cnt;

    for (g = gnode->child; g != NULL; g = g->next)
      tpr = tpr + (g->area/gnode->area) * calc_tpr(g);

    return tpr;
}


/* Create an empty group node */
GroupTree *create_group()
{
    GroupTree *new_group;
    int       i;

    new_group = malloc (sizeof(GroupTree));
    if (new_group == NULL)
      abortmsg ("Insufficient memory for group list.", 1);

    for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
      new_group->index[i] = malloc (sizeof(TriList2));
      if (new_group->index[i] == NULL)
          abortmsg ("Insufficient memory for tree.", 1);

      new_group->index[i]->tri = NULL;
      new_group->index[i]->prev = new_group->index[i];
      new_group->index[i]->next = new_group->index[i];
    }

    vect_init (new_group->vmin, +MAXFLOAT, +MAXFLOAT, +MAXFLOAT);
    vect_init (new_group->vmax, -MAXFLOAT, -MAXFLOAT, -MAXFLOAT);
    new_group->area      = 0.0;
    new_group->obj_cnt   = 0;
    new_group->child_cnt = 0;
    new_group->split_cnt = 0;
    new_group->parent    = NULL;
    new_group->next      = NULL;
    new_group->child     = NULL;

    return new_group;
}


/* Delete this node and all sub-nodes of tree */
void delete_tree (GroupTree *gnode)
{
    GroupTree *g, *g_temp;
    TriList2  *t, *t_temp;
    int       i;

    for (g = gnode->child; g != NULL; ) {
      g_temp = g->next;
      delete_tree (g);
      g = g_temp;
    }

    /* Free the indexes for this node (if any exist) */
    for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
      if ((gnode->index[i] != NULL) && (gnode->index[i]->prev != NULL)) {
          /* Drop a link so the list isn't circular any more */
          gnode->index[i]->prev->next = NULL;

          /* Delete the list */
          for (t = gnode->index[i]; t != NULL; ) {
            if (i == 0 && (t->tri != NULL))
                free (t->tri);

            t_temp = t;
            t = t->next;
            free (t_temp);
          }
      }
    }

    /* And finally free the root node */
    free (gnode);
}


/* Optimize the bounds for this sub-tree */
void optimize_tree (GroupTree *gnode)
{
    GroupTree *group_a, *group_b;
    int axis, best_axis;
    float     best_rtpr, new_rtpr;
    TriList2  *best_loc, *new_loc;

    best_rtpr = 0.0;
    best_loc  = NULL;
    best_axis = -1;

    /* Try splitting the group in each of the three axis' (x,y,z) */
    for (axis = 0; axis < 3; axis++) {
      test_split (gnode, axis, &new_rtpr, &new_loc);

      if (new_rtpr < best_rtpr) {
          best_rtpr = new_rtpr;
          best_loc  = new_loc;
          best_axis = axis;
      }
    }

    if (best_axis != -1) {
      /* Split this node into two nodes */
      split_group (gnode, best_axis, best_loc, &group_a, &group_b);

      optimize_tree (group_a);
      optimize_tree (group_b);
    }
}



/* Test the effectiveness of splitting this group (but don't do it yet) */
void test_split (GroupTree *gnode, int axis, float  *best_rtpr,
             TriList2 **best_loc)
{
    float    dim1, dim2;
    float    area1, area2, p_area;
    float    new_min1, new_max1, new_min2, new_max2;
    float    best_index, new_index;
    TriList2 *t;
    int      cnt, best_cnt;

    *best_loc  = NULL;
    best_index = +MAXFLOAT ;
    best_cnt   = 0;
    cnt = 0;

    dim1 = gnode->vmax[(axis+1) % 3] - gnode->vmin[(axis+1) % 3];
    dim2 = gnode->vmax[(axis+2) % 3] - gnode->vmin[(axis+2) % 3];

    for (t = gnode->index[axis]->next; t != gnode->index[axis]; t = t->next) {
      if (t->next == gnode->index[axis])
          break;

      ++cnt;

      /* Make an estimate of the new min/max limits, doing the full */
      /* calculation is just tooooo slooowww. */
      new_min1 = gnode->vmin[axis];
      new_max1 = max_vertex (t->tri, axis);
      new_min2 = min_vertex (t->next->tri, axis);
      new_max2 = gnode->vmax[axis];

      /* Calculate the surface area of the new groups */
      area1 = surf_area (dim1, dim2, new_max1 - new_min1);
      area2 = surf_area (dim1, dim2, new_max2 - new_min2);

      new_index = (cnt * area1) + ((gnode->obj_cnt - cnt) * area2);

      /* Keep track of the best one */
      if (new_index < best_index) {
          best_index = new_index;
          *best_loc  = t->next;
          best_cnt   = cnt;
      }
    }

    /* The former was just an estimate, verify the numbers */
    if (*best_loc != NULL) {
      new_min1 = gnode->vmin[axis];
      new_max1 = -MAXFLOAT;
      new_min2 = +MAXFLOAT;
      new_max2 = gnode->vmax[axis];

      for (t = gnode->index[axis]->next; t != *best_loc; t = t->next)
          new_max1 = fltmax (new_max1, max_vertex (t->tri, axis));

      for (t = *best_loc; t != gnode->index[axis]; t = t->next)
          new_min2 = fltmin (new_min2, min_vertex (t->tri, axis));

      area1 = surf_area (dim1, dim2, new_max1 - new_min1);
      area2 = surf_area (dim1, dim2, new_max2 - new_min2);

      best_index = (best_cnt * area1) +
                 ((gnode->obj_cnt - best_cnt) * area2);
    }

    if (gnode->parent == NULL || gnode->split_cnt >= 2) {
      p_area = gnode->area;

      *best_rtpr = -1.0*((gnode->area/p_area) * gnode->obj_cnt) +
                 (gnode->area/p_area) * ((best_index/p_area) +
                 2.0*bound_cost);
    }
    else {
      p_area = gnode->parent->area;

      *best_rtpr = -1.0*((gnode->area/p_area) * gnode->obj_cnt) +
                 (best_index/p_area) + bound_cost;
    }
}


/* Split the group along the specified axis into two sub-groups */
void split_group (GroupTree *gnode, int axis, TriList2 *split_loc,
              GroupTree **group_a, GroupTree **group_b)
{
    GroupTree *new_a, *new_b;
    TriList2  *t, *next_t, *new_index;
    char      new_flag;
    int       i;

    COOPERATE     /* support multitasking */

    /* Mark the triangles as to which group they will belong */
    new_flag = 0;
    for (t = gnode->index[axis]->next; t != gnode->index[axis]; t = t->next) {
      if (t == split_loc)
          new_flag = 1;

      t->tri->flag = new_flag;
    }

    new_a = create_group();
    new_b = create_group();

    for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
      t = gnode->index[i]->next;

      while (t != gnode->index[i]) {
          next_t = t->next;

          if (t->tri->flag == 0)
            new_index = new_a->index[i];
          else
            new_index = new_b->index[i];

          /* Remove this node from the list */
          t->prev->next = t->next;
          t->next->prev = t->prev;

          /* Insert node into its new group */
          t->prev = new_index->prev;
          t->next = new_index;
          new_index->prev->next = t;
          new_index->prev = t;

          t = next_t;
      }
    }

    for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
      free (gnode->index[i]);
      gnode->index[i] = NULL;
    }

    if (gnode->parent == NULL || gnode->split_cnt >= 2) {
      /* Add the new groups as children of original */
      gnode->child  = new_a;
      new_a->parent = gnode;
      new_a->next   = new_b;
      new_b->parent = gnode;

      new_a->split_cnt = 0;
      new_b->split_cnt = 0;

      tot_bounds = tot_bounds + 2;
    }
    else {
      /* Remove the original group and replace with the new groups */
      for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
          gnode->index[i] = new_a->index[i];

      free (new_a);
      new_a = gnode;

      new_b->next = new_a->next;
      new_a->next = new_b;

      new_a->parent = gnode->parent;
      new_b->parent = gnode->parent;

      new_a->split_cnt = gnode->split_cnt + 1;
      new_b->split_cnt = gnode->split_cnt + 1;

      tot_bounds = tot_bounds + 1;
    }

    update_node (new_a);
    update_node (new_b);

    if (new_a->parent != NULL)
      update_node (new_a->parent);

    if (!quiet_mode) {
      printf ("Adding bounds (%d)\r", tot_bounds);
      fflush(stdout);
    }

    *group_a = new_a;
    *group_b = new_b;
}


/* Write the optimized POV file */
void write_file()
{
    FILE  *f;

    if (!quiet_mode)
      printf ("\nWriting files %s and %s\n", out_file, inc_file);

    f = fopen (out_file, "a");
    if (f == NULL)
      abortmsg ("Error opening output file.", 1);

    switch (out_format) {
      case POV10:   write_pov10_header (f);
                  break;
      case POV20:   write_pov20_header (f);
                  break;
      case VIVID:   write_vivid_header (f);
                  break;
      case POLYRAY: write_polyray_header (f);
                  break;
      case MGF:     write_mgf_header (f);
                  break;
    }

    fclose (f);

    f = fopen (inc_file, "a");
    if (f == NULL)
      abortmsg ("Error opening output file.", 1);

    switch (out_format) {
      case POV10:   write_pov10_tree (f, groot, 1);
                  break;
      case POV20:   write_pov20_tree (f, groot, 1);
                  break;
      case VIVID:   write_vivid_tree (f, groot);
                  break;
      case POLYRAY: write_polyray_tree (f, groot);
                  break;
      case MGF:     write_mgf_tree (f, groot, 1);
                  break;
    }

    fclose (f);

    if (!quiet_mode) {
      printf ("Triangles: %u, ", groot->obj_cnt);
      printf ("Vertices: %u, ", vsize);
      printf ("Bounding index: %.2f\n\n", orig_tpr/final_tpr);
    }
}


void write_box (Vector v1, Vector v2, Triangle *tri)
{
    FILE  *f;

    if (!quiet_mode)
      printf ("\nWriting files %s and %s\n", out_file, inc_file);

    f = fopen (inc_file, "a");
    if (f == NULL)
      abortmsg ("Error opening output file.", 1);

    switch (out_format) {
      case POV10:
          fprintf (f, "\n/* Object '%s' */\n", object_name);
          fprintf (f, "object {\n");
          fprintf (f, "\tbox { <%.4f %.4f %.4f> <%.4f %.4f %.4f> }\n",
                  v1[X], v1[Y], v1[Z], v2[X], v2[Y], v2[Z]);
          fprintf (f, "\t");
          write_pov10_texture (f, tri);
          fprintf (f, "\n");

          if (use_transform)
            write_pov10_transform (f, trans_matrix);

          fprintf (f, "}\n\n");
          break;

      case POV20:
          fprintf (f, "\n/* Object '%s' */\n", object_name);
          fprintf (f, "box {\n");
          fprintf (f, "\t<%.4f, %.4f, %.4f>, <%.4f, %.4f, %.4f>\n",
                  v1[X], v1[Y], v1[Z], v2[X], v2[Y], v2[Z]);
          fprintf (f, "\t");
          write_pov20_texture (f, tri);
          fprintf (f, "\n");

          if (use_transform)
            write_pov20_transform (f, trans_matrix);

          fprintf (f, "}\n\n");
          break;

      case VIVID:
          fprintf (f, "\n/* Object '%s' */\n", object_name);

          if (use_transform)
            write_vivid_transform (f, trans_matrix);

          write_vivid_texture (f, tri);

          fprintf (f, "polygon { points 4 vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f }\n",
                   v1[X], v1[Y], v1[Z], v2[X], v1[Y], v1[Z], v2[X], v2[Y], v1[Z], v1[X], v2[Y], v1[Z]);
          fprintf (f, "polygon { points 4 vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f }\n",
                   v1[X], v1[Y], v1[Z], v1[X], v2[Y], v1[Z], v1[X], v2[Y], v2[Z], v1[X], v1[Y], v2[Z]);
          fprintf (f, "polygon { points 4 vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f }\n",
                   v1[X], v2[Y], v1[Z], v2[X], v2[Y], v1[Z], v2[X], v2[Y], v2[Z], v1[X], v2[Y], v2[Z]);
          fprintf (f, "polygon { points 4 vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f }\n",
                   v2[X], v2[Y], v1[Z], v2[X], v1[Y], v1[Z], v2[X], v1[Y], v2[Z], v2[X], v2[Y], v2[Z]);
          fprintf (f, "polygon { points 4 vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f }\n",
                   v2[X], v1[Y], v1[Z], v1[X], v1[Y], v1[Z], v1[X], v1[Y], v2[Z], v2[X], v1[Y], v2[Z]);
          fprintf (f, "polygon { points 4 vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f vertex %.4f %.4f %.4f }\n",
                   v1[X], v1[Y], v2[Z], v1[X], v2[Y], v2[Z], v2[X], v2[Y], v2[Z], v2[X], v1[Y], v2[Z]);

          if (use_transform)
            fprintf (f, "transform_pop\n\n");
          break;

      case POLYRAY:
          fprintf (f, "\n// Object '%s'\n", object_name);
          fprintf (f, "object {\n");
          fprintf (f, "\tbox <%.4f, %.4f, %.4f>, <%.4f, %.4f, %.4f>\n",
                  v1[X], v1[Y], v1[Z], v2[X], v2[Y], v2[Z]);
          fprintf (f, "\t");
          write_polyray_texture (f, tri);
          fprintf (f, "\n");

          if (use_transform)
            write_polyray_transform (f, trans_matrix);

          fprintf (f, "}\n\n");
          break;

      case MGF:
          if (object_name[0]) fprintf (f, "o %s\n", object_name);
          write_mgf_texture (f, tri);
          fprintf (f, "v v1 =\n\tp %.4f %.4f %.4f\n", v1[X], v1[Y], v1[Z]);
          fprintf (f, "v v2 =\n\tp %.4f %.4f %.4f\n", v1[X], v2[Y], v1[Z]);
          fprintf (f, "v v3 =\n\tp %.4f %.4f %.4f\n", v2[X], v2[Y], v1[Z]);
          fprintf (f, "v v4 =\n\tp %.4f %.4f %.4f\n", v2[X], v1[Y], v1[Z]);
          fprintf (f, "prism v1 v2 v3 v4 %.4f\n", v2[Z]-v1[Z]);
          if (object_name[0]) fprintf (f, "o\n");
          fprintf (f, "\n");
    }

    fclose (f);
}


/* Write a sub-tree to file */
void write_pov10_tree (FILE *f, GroupTree *gnode, int level)
{
    GroupTree *g;
    TriList2  *t;
    Triangle  *first_tri;
    int       one_texture;

    if (level == 1)
      fprintf (f, "\n/* Object '%s' */\n", object_name);

    fprintf (f, "composite {\n");

    if (gnode->child != NULL) {
      for (g = gnode->child; g != NULL; g = g->next)
          write_pov10_tree (f, g, level+1);
    }
    else {
      first_tri = gnode->index[0]->next->tri;
      one_texture = 1;

      for (t = gnode->index[0]->next; t != gnode->index[0]; t = t->next) {
          if (t->tri->text_index != first_tri->text_index ||
            t->tri->text_type  != first_tri->text_type) {
               one_texture = 0;
               break;
          }
      }

      if (one_texture) {
          fprintf (f, "\tobject {\n");
          fprintf (f, "\t\tunion {\n");
      }

      for (t = gnode->index[0]->next; t != gnode->index[0]; t = t->next)
          write_pov10_triangle (f, t->tri, one_texture);

      if (one_texture) {
          fprintf (f, "\t\t}\n\n\t\t");
          write_pov10_texture (f, first_tri);
          fprintf (f, "\n\t}\n");
      }
    }

    if (bound_mode == 0)
        write_pov10_bound (f, gnode);

    if (level == 1 && use_transform)
      write_pov10_transform (f, trans_matrix);

    fprintf (f, "}\n");
}


void write_pov10_texture (FILE *f, Triangle *tri)
{
    if (tri->text_type == 1)
      fprintf (f, "texture { %s }", ttable[tri->text_index]);
    else if (psize < MAX_TEX)
      fprintf (f, "texture { %s_%u }",
             object_name, tri->text_index + 1);
    else
      fprintf (f, "texture { %s color red %.3f green %.3f blue %.3f }",
             object_name, ptable[tri->text_index].red,
             ptable[tri->text_index].green, ptable[tri->text_index].blue);
}


/*
   Writes a transformation matrix as separate POV-Ray scale< >,
   rotate< >, and translate< > commands
*/
void write_pov10_transform (FILE *f, Matrix matrix)
{
    Vector scale, shear, rotate, transl;

    /* Decode the matrix into separate operations */
    mat_decode (matrix, scale, shear, rotate, transl);

    fprintf (f, "\n\t/* Object transformation */\n");

    if (fabs(scale[X] - 1.0) > 0.001 || fabs(scale[Y] - 1.0) > 0.001 || fabs(scale[Z] - 1.0) > 0.001)
      fprintf (f, "\tscale <%.3f %.3f %.3f>\n", scale[X], scale[Y], scale[Z]);

    if (fabs(rotate[X]) > 0.01 || fabs(rotate[Y]) > 0.01 || fabs(rotate[Z]) > 0.01)
      fprintf (f, "\trotate <%.2f %.2f %.2f>\n", rotate[X], rotate[Y], rotate[Z]);

    if (fabs(transl[X]) > 0.0001 || fabs(transl[Y]) > 0.0001 || fabs(transl[Z]) > 0.0001)
      fprintf (f, "\ttranslate <%.4f %.4f %.4f>\n", transl[X], transl[Y], transl[Z]);

    /* Can't handle shear but warn if it's there */
    if (fabs(shear[X]) > 0.01 || fabs(shear[Y]) > 0.01 || fabs(shear[Z]) > 0.01)
      printf ("Warning: Significant shear in transformation (ignored)\n");
}


/* Write the POV file header */
void write_pov10_header (FILE *f)
{
    int i;

    if (psize >= MAX_TEX) {
      fprintf (f, "/* Too many textures, textures generated in-line */\n\n");
      fprintf (f, "#declare %s = texture {\n", object_name);
      fprintf (f, "    ambient 0.1\n");
      fprintf (f, "    diffuse 0.7\n");
      fprintf (f, "    phong 1.0\n");
      fprintf (f, "    phong_size 70.0\n");
      fprintf (f, "}\n\n");
    }
    else {
      if (psize > 0)
          fprintf (f, "/* Texture declarations for object '%s' */\n", object_name);

      for (i = 0; i < psize; i++) {
          fprintf (f, "#declare %s_%u = texture {\n", object_name, i + 1);
          fprintf (f, "    ambient 0.1\n");
          fprintf (f, "    diffuse 0.7\n");
          fprintf (f, "    phong 1.0\n");
          fprintf (f, "    phong_size 70.0\n");
          fprintf (f, "    color red %.3f green %.3f blue %.3f\n",
                 ptable[i].red, ptable[i].green, ptable[i].blue);
          fprintf (f, "}\n\n");
      }
    }
}


/* Write a triangle (smooth or regular) */
void write_pov10_triangle (FILE *f, Triangle *tri, int one_texture)
{
    Vector norm[3];
    int    no_smooth = 0;

    COOPERATE     /* support multitasking */

    if (one_texture)
      fprintf (f, "\t\t");
    else
      fprintf (f, "\tobject { ");

    if (smooth_angle > 0.0) {
      vert_normal (tri, norm);

      if (vect_equal (norm[0], norm[1]) && vect_equal (norm[1], norm[2]))
          no_smooth = 1;
    }

    if (smooth_angle > 0.0 && !no_smooth) {
      fprintf (f, "smooth_triangle { <");
      vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[0]], dec_point, ' ');
      fprintf (f, "> <");
      vect_print (f, norm[0], 3, ' ');
      fprintf (f, "> <");
      vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[1]], dec_point, ' ');
      fprintf (f, "> <");
      vect_print (f, norm[1], 3, ' ');
      fprintf (f, "> <");
      vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[2]], dec_point, ' ');
      fprintf (f, "> <");
      vect_print (f, norm[2], 3, ' ');
      fprintf (f, "> }");
    }
    else {
      fprintf (f, "triangle { <");
      vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[0]], dec_point, ' ');
      fprintf (f, "> <");
      vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[1]], dec_point, ' ');
      fprintf (f, "> <");
      vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[2]], dec_point, ' ');
      fprintf (f, "> }");
    }

    if (!one_texture) {
      fprintf (f, " ");
      write_pov10_texture (f, tri);
      fprintf (f, " }");
    }

    fprintf (f, "\n");
}


/* Write a bounding shape */
void write_pov10_bound (FILE *f, GroupTree *gnode)
{
    if (gnode->obj_cnt > 1) {
      fprintf (f, "\n\tbounded_by { box { <");
      vect_print (f, gnode->vmin, dec_point + 1, ' ');
      fprintf (f, "> <");
      vect_print (f, gnode->vmax, dec_point + 1, ' ');
      fprintf (f, "> } }\n");
    }
}


/* Write a sub-tree to file */
void write_pov20_tree (FILE *f, GroupTree *gnode, int level)
{
    GroupTree *g;
    TriList2  *t;
    Triangle  *first_tri;
    int       one_texture;

    if (level == 1)
      fprintf (f, "\n/* Object '%s' */\n", object_name);

    if (gnode->obj_cnt > 1)
        fprintf (f, "union {\n");
    else
        fprintf (f, "object {\n");

    if (gnode->child != NULL) {
      for (g = gnode->child; g != NULL; g = g->next)
          write_pov20_tree (f, g, level+1);
    }
    else {
      first_tri = gnode->index[0]->next->tri;
      one_texture = 1;

      for (t = gnode->index[0]->next; t != gnode->index[0]; t = t->next) {
          if (t->tri->text_index != first_tri->text_index ||
            t->tri->text_type  != first_tri->text_type) {
               one_texture = 0;
               break;
          }
      }

      for (t = gnode->index[0]->next; t != gnode->index[0]; t = t->next) {
            fprintf (f, "\t");
          write_pov20_triangle (f, t->tri, one_texture);
        }

      if (one_texture) {
          fprintf (f, "\n\t");
          write_pov20_texture (f, first_tri);
      }
    }

    fprintf (f, "\n");

    if (bound_mode == 0)
      write_pov20_bound (f, gnode);

    if (level == 1 && use_transform)
      write_pov20_transform (f, trans_matrix);

    fprintf (f, "}\n");
}


void write_pov20_texture (FILE *f, Triangle *tri)
{
    if (tri->text_type == 1)
      fprintf (f, "texture { %s }", ttable[tri->text_index]);
    else if (psize < MAX_TEX)
      fprintf (f, "texture { %s_%u }",
             object_name, tri->text_index + 1);
    else
      fprintf (f, "texture { %s pigment { color red %.3f green %.3f blue %.3f } }",
             object_name, ptable[tri->text_index].red,
             ptable[tri->text_index].green, ptable[tri->text_index].blue);
}


/*
   Writes a transformation matrix as separate POV-Ray scale< >,
   rotate< >, and translate< > commands
*/
void write_pov20_transform (FILE *f, Matrix matrix)
{
    Vector scale, shear, rotate, transl;

    /* Decode the matrix into separate operations */
    mat_decode (matrix, scale, shear, rotate, transl);

    fprintf (f, "\n\t/* Object transformation */\n");

    if (fabs(scale[X] - 1.0) > 0.001 || fabs(scale[Y] - 1.0) > 0.001 || fabs(scale[Z] - 1.0) > 0.001)
      fprintf (f, "\tscale <%.3f, %.3f, %.3f>\n", scale[X], scale[Y], scale[Z]);

    if (fabs(rotate[X]) > 0.01 || fabs(rotate[Y]) > 0.01 || fabs(rotate[Z]) > 0.01)
      fprintf (f, "\trotate <%.2f, %.2f, %.2f>\n", rotate[X], rotate[Y], rotate[Z]);

    if (fabs(transl[X]) > 0.0001 || fabs(transl[Y]) > 0.0001 || fabs(transl[Z]) > 0.0001)
      fprintf (f, "\ttranslate <%.4f, %.4f, %.4f>\n", transl[X], transl[Y], transl[Z]);

    /* Can't handle shear but warn if it's there */
    if (fabs(shear[X]) > 0.01 || fabs(shear[Y]) > 0.01 || fabs(shear[Z]) > 0.01)
      printf ("Warning: Significant shear in transformation (ignored)\n");
}


/* Write the POV file header */
void write_pov20_header (FILE *f)
{
    int i;

    if (psize >= MAX_TEX) {
      fprintf (f, "/* Too many textures, textures generated in-line */\n\n");
      fprintf (f, "#declare %s = texture {\n", object_name);
      fprintf (f, "    finish { Shiny }\n");
      fprintf (f, "    pigment { White }\n");
      fprintf (f, "}\n\n");
    }
    else {
      if (psize > 0)
          fprintf (f, "/* Texture declarations for object '%s' */\n", object_name);

      for (i = 0; i < psize; i++) {
          fprintf (f, "#declare %s_%u = texture {\n", object_name, i + 1);
          fprintf (f, "    finish { Shiny }\n");
          fprintf (f, "    pigment { color red %.3f green %.3f blue %.3f }\n",
                 ptable[i].red, ptable[i].green, ptable[i].blue);
          fprintf (f, "}\n\n");
      }
    }
}


/* Write a triangle (smooth or regular) */
void write_pov20_triangle (FILE *f, Triangle *tri, int one_texture)
{
    Vector norm[3];
    int    no_smooth = 0;

    COOPERATE     /* support multitasking */

    if (smooth_angle > 0.0) {
      vert_normal (tri, norm);

      if (vect_equal (norm[0], norm[1]) && vect_equal (norm[1], norm[2]))
          no_smooth = 1;
    }

    if (smooth_angle > 0.0 && !no_smooth) {
      fprintf (f, "smooth_triangle { <");
      vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[0]], dec_point, ',');
      fprintf (f, ">, <");
      vect_print (f, norm[0], 3, ',');
      fprintf (f, ">, <");
      vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[1]], dec_point, ',');
      fprintf (f, ">, <");
      vect_print (f, norm[1], 3, ',');
      fprintf (f, ">, <");
      vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[2]], dec_point, ',');
      fprintf (f, ">, <");
      vect_print (f, norm[2], 3, ',');
      fprintf (f, "> ");
    }
    else {
      fprintf (f, "triangle { <");
      vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[0]], dec_point, ',');
      fprintf (f, ">, <");
      vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[1]], dec_point, ',');
      fprintf (f, ">, <");
      vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[2]], dec_point, ',');
      fprintf (f, "> ");
    }

    if (!one_texture)
      write_pov20_texture (f, tri);

    fprintf (f, "}\n");
}


/* Write a bounding shape */
void write_pov20_bound (FILE *f, GroupTree *gnode)
{
    if (gnode->obj_cnt > 1) {
      fprintf (f, "\tbounded_by { box { <");
      vect_print (f, gnode->vmin, dec_point + 1, ',');
      fprintf (f, ">, <");
      vect_print (f, gnode->vmax, dec_point + 1, ',');
      fprintf (f, "> } }\n");
    }
}


/* Write a sub-tree to file */
void write_vivid_tree (FILE *f, GroupTree *gnode)
{
    TriList2  *t;
    int       last_index, last_type;

    last_index = -1;
    last_type  = -1;

    fprintf (f, "\n/* Object '%s' */\n", object_name);

    if (use_transform)
      write_vivid_transform (f, trans_matrix);

    if (gnode->child != NULL)
      abortmsg ("Internal error", 1);

    for (t = gnode->index[0]->next; t != gnode->index[0]; t = t->next) {
      if (t->tri->text_index != last_index ||
          t->tri->text_type != last_type)
      {
          write_vivid_texture (f, t->tri);
          last_index = t->tri->text_index;
          last_type  = t->tri->text_type;
      }

      write_vivid_triangle (f, t->tri);
    }

    if (use_transform)
      fprintf (f, "transform_pop\n\n");
}


/*
   Writes a transformation matrix as separate Vivid scale,
   rotate, and translate commands
*/
void write_vivid_transform (FILE *f, Matrix matrix)
{
    Vector scale, shear, rotate, transl;

    /* Decode the matrix into separate operations */
    mat_decode (matrix, scale, shear, rotate, transl);

    fprintf (f, "\n/* Object transformation */\n");

    fprintf (f, "transform {\n");

    if (fabs(scale[X] - 1.0) > 0.001 || fabs(scale[Y] - 1.0) > 0.001 || fabs(scale[Z] - 1.0) > 0.001)
      fprintf (f, "\tscale %.3f %.3f %.3f\n", scale[X], scale[Y], scale[Z]);

    if (fabs(rotate[X]) > 0.01 || fabs(rotate[Y]) > 0.01 || fabs(rotate[Z]) > 0.01)
      fprintf (f, "\trotate %.2f %.2f %.2f\n", rotate[X], rotate[Y], rotate[Z]);

    if (fabs(transl[X]) > 0.0001 || fabs(transl[Y]) > 0.0001 || fabs(transl[Z]) > 0.0001)
      fprintf (f, "\ttranslate %.4f %.4f %.4f\n", transl[X], transl[Y], transl[Z]);
    else
      fprintf (f, "\ttranslate 0 0 0 // Null transformation\n");

    /* Can't handle shear but warn if it's there */
    if (fabs(shear[X]) > 0.01 || fabs(shear[Y]) > 0.01 || fabs(shear[Z]) > 0.01)
      printf ("Warning: Significant shear in transformation (ignored)\n");

    fprintf (f, "}\n\n");
}


void write_vivid_texture (FILE *f, Triangle *tri)
{
    if (tri->text_type == 1)
      fprintf (f, "\n%s /* New texture */\n\n", ttable[tri->text_index]);
    else
      fprintf (f, "\n%s_%u /* New texture */\n\n",
             object_name, tri->text_index + 1);
}


/* Write the Vivid file header */
void write_vivid_header (FILE *f)
{
    int i;

    if (psize > 0)
      fprintf (f, "/* Texture declarations for object '%s' */\n", object_name);

    for (i = 0; i < psize; i++) {
      fprintf (f, "#define %s_%u \\ \n", object_name, i + 1);
      fprintf (f, "    surface {           \\ \n");
      fprintf (f, "        diffuse %.3f %.3f %.3f \\ \n",
                ptable[i].red, ptable[i].green, ptable[i].blue);
      fprintf (f, "        shine 70 white  \\ \n");
      fprintf (f, "    }\n\n");
    }
}


/* Write a Vivid triangle patch */
void write_vivid_triangle (FILE *f, Triangle *tri)
{
    Vector norm[3];

    COOPERATE     /* support multitasking */

    vert_normal (tri, norm);

    fprintf (f, "patch {\n");
    fprintf (f, "\tvertex ");
    vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[0]], dec_point, ' ');
    fprintf (f, " normal ");
    vect_print (f, norm[0], 3, ' ');
    fprintf (f, "\n");

    fprintf (f, "\tvertex ");
    vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[1]], dec_point, ' ');
    fprintf (f, " normal ");
    vect_print (f, norm[1], 3, ' ');
    fprintf (f, "\n");

    fprintf (f, "\tvertex ");
    vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[2]], dec_point, ' ');
    fprintf (f, " normal ");
    vect_print (f, norm[2], 3, ' ');
    fprintf (f, "\n");

    fprintf (f, "}\n\n");
}


/* Write a sub-tree to file */
void write_polyray_tree (FILE *f, GroupTree *gnode)
{
    TriList2  *t;

    fprintf (f, "\n// Object '%s'\n\n", object_name);

    fprintf (f, "object {\n");

    if (gnode->child != NULL)
      abortmsg ("Internal error", 1);

    for (t = gnode->index[0]->next; t != gnode->index[0]; t = t->next) {
      if (t != gnode->index[0]->next)
          fprintf (f, "\t+\n");

      write_polyray_triangle (f, t->tri);

      fprintf (f, "\t\t");
      write_polyray_texture (f, t->tri);
      fprintf (f, "\n\t}\n\n");
    }

    if (use_transform)
      write_polyray_transform (f, trans_matrix);

    fprintf (f, "}\n\n");
}


/*
   Writes a transformation matrix as separate Polyray scale< >,
   rotate< >, and translate< > commands
*/
void write_polyray_transform (FILE *f, Matrix matrix)
{
    Vector scale, shear, rotate, transl;

    /* Decode the matrix into separate operations */
    mat_decode (matrix, scale, shear, rotate, transl);

    fprintf (f, "\n\t// Object transformation\n");

    if (fabs(scale[X] - 1.0) > 0.001 || fabs(scale[Y] - 1.0) > 0.001 || fabs(scale[Z] - 1.0) > 0.001)
      fprintf (f, "\tscale <%.3f, %.3f, %.3f>\n", scale[X], scale[Y], scale[Z]);

    if (fabs(rotate[X]) > 0.01 || fabs(rotate[Y]) > 0.01 || fabs(rotate[Z]) > 0.01)
      fprintf (f, "\trotate <%.2f, %.2f, %.2f>\n", rotate[X], rotate[Y], rotate[Z]);

    if (fabs(transl[X]) > 0.0001 || fabs(transl[Y]) > 0.0001 || fabs(transl[Z]) > 0.0001)
      fprintf (f, "\ttranslate <%.4f, %.4f, %.4f>\n", transl[X], transl[Y], transl[Z]);

    /* Can't handle shear but warn if it's there */
    if (fabs(shear[X]) > 0.01 || fabs(shear[Y]) > 0.01 || fabs(shear[Z]) > 0.01)
      printf ("Warning: Significant shear in transformation (ignored)\n");
}


void write_polyray_texture (FILE *f, Triangle *tri)
{
    if (tri->text_type == 1)
      fprintf (f, "%s", ttable[tri->text_index]);
    else
      fprintf (f, "%s_%u",
             object_name, tri->text_index + 1);
}


/* Write the Polyray file header */
void write_polyray_header (FILE *f)
{
    int i;

    if (psize > 0)
      fprintf (f, "// Texture declarations for object '%s'\n", object_name);

    for (i = 0; i < psize; i++) {
      fprintf (f, "define %s_%u\n", object_name, i + 1);
      fprintf (f, "texture {\n");
      fprintf (f, "    surface {\n");
      fprintf (f, "        ambient <%.3f, %.3f, %.3f>, 0.1\n",
                ptable[i].red, ptable[i].green, ptable[i].blue);
      fprintf (f, "        diffuse <%.3f, %.3f, %.3f>, 0.7\n",
                ptable[i].red, ptable[i].green, ptable[i].blue);
      fprintf (f, "        specular white, 1.0\n");
      fprintf (f, "        microfacet Reitz 10\n");
      fprintf (f, "    }\n");
      fprintf (f, "}\n\n");
    }
}


/* Write a Polyray triangle patch */
void write_polyray_triangle (FILE *f, Triangle *tri)
{
    Vector norm[3];

    COOPERATE     /* support multitasking */

    vert_normal (tri, norm);

    fprintf (f, "\tobject {\n");

    fprintf (f, "\t\tpatch\t <");
    vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[0]], dec_point, ',');
    fprintf (f, ">, <");
    vect_print (f, norm[0], 3, ',');
    fprintf (f, ">,\n");

    fprintf (f, "\t\t\t <");
    vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[1]], dec_point, ',');
    fprintf (f, ">, <");
    vect_print (f, norm[1], 3, ',');
    fprintf (f, ">,\n");

    fprintf (f, "\t\t\t <");
    vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[2]], dec_point, ',');
    fprintf (f, ">, <");
    vect_print (f, norm[2], 3, ',');
    fprintf (f, ">\n");
}


/* Write a sub-tree to file */
void write_mgf_tree (FILE *f, GroupTree *gnode, int level)
{
    GroupTree *g;
    TriList2  *t;

    if (level == 1) {
      fprintf (f, "\no %s\n", object_name);
      if (use_transform)
          write_mgf_transform (f, trans_matrix);
    }

    if (gnode->child != NULL) {
      for (g = gnode->child; g != NULL; g = g->next)
          write_mgf_tree (f, g, level+1);
    }
    else {
      for (t = gnode->index[0]->next; t != gnode->index[0]; t = t->next)
          write_mgf_triangle (f, t->tri);
    }

    fprintf (f, "\n");

    if (level == 1) {
      if (use_transform)
          fprintf (f, "xf\n");
      fprintf (f, "\no\n");
    }
    fprintf (f, "\n");
}


void write_mgf_texture (FILE *f, Triangle *tri)
{
    if (tri->text_type == 1)
      fprintf (f, "m %s\n", ttable[tri->text_index]);
    else if (psize < MAX_TEX)
      fprintf (f, "m %s_%u\n", object_name, tri->text_index + 1);
    else
      fprintf (f, "m\n\tc\n\t\tcmix %.3f R %.3f G %.3f B\n\trd %.3f\n",
             CIE_Y_r*ptable[tri->text_index].red,
             CIE_Y_g*ptable[tri->text_index].green,
             CIE_Y_b*ptable[tri->text_index].blue,
             CIE_Y_r*ptable[tri->text_index].red +
             CIE_Y_g*ptable[tri->text_index].green +
             CIE_Y_b*ptable[tri->text_index].blue);
}


/*
   Writes a transformation matrix as MGF transform entity
*/
void write_mgf_transform (FILE *f, Matrix matrix)
{
    Vector scale, shear, rotate, transl;
    float ascale;

    /* Decode the matrix into separate operations */
    mat_decode (matrix, scale, shear, rotate, transl);

    fprintf (f, "xf");
                                    /* print scaling */
    if (fabs(scale[X] - 1.0) > 0.001 || fabs(scale[Y] - 1.0) > 0.001 ||
            fabs(scale[Z] - 1.0) > 0.001) {
      if (fabs(scale[X] - scale[Y]) > 0.001 ||
                  fabs(scale[Y] - scale[Z]) > 0.001)
          printf("Warning: Non-linear scaling in transformation (ignored)\n");
      ascale = sqrt((scale[X]*scale[X] + scale[Y]*scale[Y] +
                  scale[Z]*scale[Z])/3.0);
      fprintf (f, " -s %.3f\n", ascale);
    }
                                    /* add rotation */
    if (fabs(rotate[X]) > 0.01)
      fprintf (f, " -rx %.2f", rotate[X]);
    if (fabs(rotate[Y]) > 0.01)
      fprintf (f, " -ry %.2f", rotate[Y]);
    if (fabs(rotate[Z]) > 0.01)
      fprintf (f, " -rz %.2f", rotate[Z]);
                                    /* final translation */
    fprintf (f, " -t %.4f, %.4f, %.4f\n", transl[X], transl[Y], transl[Z]);

    /* Can't handle shear but warn if it's there */
    if (fabs(shear[X]) > 0.01 || fabs(shear[Y]) > 0.01 || fabs(shear[Z]) > 0.01)
      printf ("Warning: Significant shear in transformation (ignored)\n");
}


/* Write the MGF file header */
void write_mgf_header (FILE *f)
{
    int i;

    if (psize >= MAX_TEX) {
      fprintf (f, "# Too many materials, materials generated in-line\n\n");
    }
    else {
      if (psize > 0)
          fprintf (f, "# Material definitions for object '%s'\n", object_name);

      for (i = 0; i < psize; i++) {
          fprintf (f, "m %s_%u =\n", object_name, i + 1);
          fprintf (f, "\tc\n\t\tcmix %.3f R %.3f G %.3f B\n\trd %.3f\n",
                 CIE_Y_r*ptable[i].red,
                 CIE_Y_g*ptable[i].green,
                 CIE_Y_b*ptable[i].blue,
                 CIE_Y_r*ptable[i].red +
                 CIE_Y_g*ptable[i].green +
                 CIE_Y_b*ptable[i].blue);
      }
    }
}


/* Write a triangle (smooth or regular) */
void write_mgf_triangle (FILE *f, Triangle *tri)
{
    Vector norm[3];
    int    i;
    int    smooth;

    COOPERATE     /* support multitasking */

    write_mgf_texture (f, tri);

    if (smooth_angle > 0.0) {
      vert_normal (tri, norm);

      smooth = !vect_equal (norm[0], norm[1]) ||
             !vect_equal (norm[1], norm[2]);
    } else
      smooth = 0;

    for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
      fprintf (f, "v v%d =\n\tp ", i+1);
      vect_print (f, vtable[tri->vert[i]], dec_point, ' ');
      if (smooth) {
          fprintf (f, "\n\tn ");
          vect_print (f, norm[i], 3, ' ');
      }
      fprintf (f, "\n");
    }
    fprintf (f, "f v1 v2 v3\n");
}


/* Update the stats (area, vmin/vmax, child_cnt, etc.) for this node */
void update_node (GroupTree *gnode)
{
    GroupTree *g;
    TriList2  *t;
    int       i;

    vect_init (gnode->vmin, +MAXFLOAT, +MAXFLOAT, +MAXFLOAT);
    vect_init (gnode->vmax, -MAXFLOAT, -MAXFLOAT, -MAXFLOAT);

    gnode->obj_cnt   = 0;
    gnode->child_cnt = 0;

    if (gnode->index[0] == NULL) {
      /* Not a leaf node, calc the info from the child nodes */

      for (g = gnode->child; g != NULL; g = g->next) {
          ++(gnode->child_cnt);

          gnode->obj_cnt += g->obj_cnt;

          for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
            gnode->vmin[i] = fltmin (gnode->vmin[i], g->vmin[i]);
            gnode->vmax[i] = fltmax (gnode->vmax[i], g->vmax[i]);
          }
      }
    }
    else {
      /* A leaf node, calc the info from the triangle list */

      for (t = gnode->index[0]->next; t != gnode->index[0]; t = t->next) {
          ++(gnode->obj_cnt);

          for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
            gnode->vmin[i] = fltmin (gnode->vmin[i], min_vertex (t->tri, i));
            gnode->vmax[i] = fltmax (gnode->vmax[i], max_vertex (t->tri, i));
          }
      }
    }

    /* Update total surface area of region */
    gnode->area = surf_area (gnode->vmax[X] - gnode->vmin[X],
                       gnode->vmax[Y] - gnode->vmin[Y],
                       gnode->vmax[Z] - gnode->vmin[Z]);
}


void sort_indexes (GroupTree *gnode)
{
    int i;

    for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
      quick_sort (gnode->index[i]->next, gnode->index[i]->prev, i);
}


void quick_sort (TriList2 *start, TriList2 *end, int axis)
{
    TriList2 *a, *b;
    Triangle *temp;
    float  middle;

    if (start == end)
      return;

    a = start;
    b = end;
    middle = avg_vertex (a->tri, axis);

    do {
      while (avg_vertex (b->tri, axis) >= middle && a != b)
          b = b->prev;

      if (a != b) {
          temp   = a->tri;
          a->tri = b->tri;
          b->tri = temp;

          while (avg_vertex (a->tri, axis) <= middle && a != b)
            a = a->next;

          if (a != b) {
            temp   = a->tri;
            a->tri = b->tri;
            b->tri = temp;
          }
      }
    } while (a != b);

    if (a != start)
      quick_sort (start, a->prev, axis);

    if (b != end)
      quick_sort (b->next, end, axis);
}


/* Calculate the surface area of a box */
float surf_area (float  a, float  b, float  c)
{
    return 2.0*(a*b + b*c + c*a);
}


float max_vertex (Triangle *tri, int axis)
{
    float  max_v, val;
    int i;

    max_v = -MAXFLOAT;

    for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
      val = vtable[tri->vert[i]][axis];

      if (val > max_v)
          max_v = val;
    }

    return max_v;
}


float min_vertex (Triangle *tri, int axis)
{
    float  min_v, val;
    int i;

    min_v = +MAXFLOAT;

    for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
      val = vtable[tri->vert[i]][axis];

      if (val < min_v)
          min_v = val;
    }

    return min_v;
}


float avg_vertex (Triangle *tri, int axis)
{
    float  avg;

    avg = (vtable[tri->vert[0]][axis] + vtable[tri->vert[1]][axis] +
         vtable[tri->vert[2]][axis])/3.0;

    return avg;
}


/* Build an index of which triangles touch each vertex.  Used to */
/* speed up smooth triangle normal calculations. */
void build_tri_index()
{
    GroupTree *g;
    TriList   *temp;
    TriList2  *t;
    unsigned  i, vert_no;

    if (vsize == 0)
      return;

    tri_index = malloc (vsize * sizeof(TriList));
    if (tri_index == NULL)
      abortmsg ("Insufficient memory for smooth triangles.", 1);

    for (i = 0; i < vsize; i++)
      tri_index[i] = NULL;

    for (g = groot; g != NULL; g = g->next) {
      for (t = g->index[0]->next; t != g->index[0]; t = t->next) {
          for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
            vert_no = t->tri->vert[i];
            temp = tri_index[vert_no];
            tri_index[vert_no] = malloc (sizeof(TriList));
            if (tri_index[vert_no] == NULL)
                abortmsg ("Insufficient memory for smooth triangles.\n", 1);

            tri_index[vert_no]->tri = t->tri;
            tri_index[vert_no]->next = temp;
          }
      }
    }

}


void dump_tri_index()
{
    TriList *temp;
    int     i;

    for (i = 0; i < vsize; i++) {
      while (tri_index[i] != NULL) {
          temp = tri_index[i];
          tri_index[i] = tri_index[i]->next;
          free (temp);
      }
    }

    free (tri_index);
}


/* Calculates the smooth triangle normal for this vertex */
void vert_normal (Triangle *t, Vector *norm)
{
    Vector  curr_norm, new_norm;
    TriList *p;
    int     i;

    tri_normal (t, curr_norm);

    if (smooth_angle <= 0.0) {
      for (i = 0; i < 3; i++)
          vect_copy (norm[i], curr_norm);

      return;
    }

    for (i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
      vect_init (norm[i], 0.0, 0.0, 0.0);

      for (p = tri_index[t->vert[i]]; p != NULL; p = p->next) {
          tri_normal (p->tri, new_norm);
          if (vect_angle (curr_norm, new_norm) < smooth_angle)
            vect_add (norm[i], norm[i], new_norm);
      }

      vect_normalize (norm[i]);
    }
}


/* Calculates the normal to the specified triangle */
void tri_normal (Triangle *t, Vector normal)
{
    Vector ab, ac;

    vect_sub (ab, vtable[t->vert[1]], vtable[t->vert[0]]);
    vect_sub (ac, vtable[t->vert[2]], vtable[t->vert[0]]);
    vect_cross (normal, ac, ab);

    vect_normalize (normal);
}


/* Find the specified rgb values in the palette table */
unsigned pal_lookup (float  red, float  green, float  blue)
{
    int i;

    /* The palette table is usually small so just do a simple linear search */
    for (i = psize-1; i >= 0; i--) {
      if (ptable[i].red   == red &&
          ptable[i].green == green &&
          ptable[i].blue  == blue)
        break;
    }

    if (i >= 0)
      return i;    /* found, return the table index */

    /* not found, insert the new palette into the table */
    ++psize;
    if (psize > pmax) {
      /* table not big enough, resize it */
      pmax = pmax + 10;
      ptable = realloc (ptable, pmax * sizeof(Palette));
      if (ptable == NULL)
          abortmsg ("Insufficient memory to expand palette table.", 1);
    }

    ptable[psize-1].red   = red;
    ptable[psize-1].green = green;
    ptable[psize-1].blue  = blue;

    return (psize-1);
}


/* Find the specified named texture in the texture table */
unsigned texture_lookup (char *texture_name)
{
    int i;

    /* The texture table is usually small so just do a simple linear search */
    for (i = tsize-1; i >= 0; i--) {
      if (strcmp (ttable[i], texture_name) == 0)
          break;
    }

    if (i >= 0)
      return i;    /* found, return the table index */

    /* not found, insert the new texture into the table */
    ++tsize;
    if (tsize > tmax) {
      /* table not big enough, resize it */
      tmax = tmax + 10;
      ttable = realloc (ttable, tmax * sizeof(Texture));
      if (ttable == NULL)
          abortmsg ("Insufficient memory to expand palette table.", 1);
    }

    ttable[tsize-1] = malloc (strlen(texture_name) + 1);
    if (ttable[tsize-1] == NULL)
      abortmsg ("Insufficient memory for texture name.", 1);

    strcpy (ttable[tsize-1], texture_name);

    return (tsize-1);
}


/* Find the specified vertex in the vertex table */
unsigned vert_lookup (float  x, float  y, float  z)
{
    VertList *p, *new_node;
    unsigned hash;

    /* Vertex table is usually very large, use hash lookup */
    hash = (unsigned)((int)(326.4*x) ^ (int)(694.7*y) ^ (int)(1423.6*z)) % HASHSIZE;

    for (p = vert_hash[hash]; p != NULL; p = p->next) {
      if (vtable[p->vert][0] == x && vtable[p->vert][1] == y &&
          vtable[p->vert][2] == z) break;
    }

    if (p != NULL)
      return (p->vert);   /* found, return the table index */

    /* not found, insert the new vertex into the table */
    ++vsize;
    if (vsize > vmax) {
      /* table not big enough, expand it */
      vmax = vmax + 100;
      vtable = realloc (vtable, vmax * sizeof(Vector));
      if (vtable == NULL)
          abortmsg ("Insufficient memory for vertices.\n", 1);
    }

    vect_init (vtable[vsize-1], x, y, z);

    new_node = malloc (sizeof(VertList));
    if (new_node == NULL)
      abortmsg ("Insufficient memory for hash table.", 1);

    new_node->vert  = vsize-1;
    new_node->next  = vert_hash[hash];
    vert_hash[hash] = new_node;

    return (vsize-1);
}


/* Checks if triangle is degenerate (zero area) */
int  degen_tri (float  ax, float  ay, float  az,
            float  bx, float  by, float  bz,
            float  cx, float  cy, float  cz)
{
    Vector  ab, ac, norm;
    double  mag, fact;

    fact = pow (10.0, dec_point);

    /* Round the coords off to the output precision before checking */
    ax = floor((ax*fact) + 0.5)/fact;
    ay = floor((ay*fact) + 0.5)/fact;
    az = floor((az*fact) + 0.5)/fact;
    bx = floor((bx*fact) + 0.5)/fact;
    by = floor((by*fact) + 0.5)/fact;
    bz = floor((bz*fact) + 0.5)/fact;
    cx = floor((cx*fact) + 0.5)/fact;
    cy = floor((cy*fact) + 0.5)/fact;
    cz = floor((cz*fact) + 0.5)/fact;

    vect_init (ab, ax-bx, ay-by, az-bz);
    vect_init (ac, ax-cx, ay-cy, az-cz);
    vect_cross (norm, ab, ac);

    mag = vect_mag(norm);

    return (mag < DEGEN_TOL);
}


void abortmsg (char *msg, int exit_code)
{
    printf ("\n%s\n", msg);
    exit (exit_code);
}


float  fltmin (float  a, float  b)
{
    if (a < b)
      return a;
    else
      return b;
}


float  fltmax (float  a, float  b)
{
    if (a > b)
      return a;
    else
      return b;
}


void add_ext (char *fname, char *ext, int force)
{
    int i;

    for (i = 0; i < strlen(fname); i++)
      if (fname[i] == '.') break;

    if (fname[i] == '\0' || force) {
      if (strlen(ext) > 0)
          fname[i++] = '.';

      strcpy (&fname[i], ext);
    }
}


void cleanup_name (char *name)
{
    char *tmp = malloc (strlen(name)+1);
    int  i;

    /* Remove any leading blanks or quotes */
    i = 0;
    while ((name[i] == ' ' || name[i] == '"') && name[i] != '\0')
      i++;

    strcpy (tmp, &name[i]);

    /* Remove any trailing blanks or quotes */
    for (i = strlen(tmp)-1; i >= 0; i--) {
      if (isprint(tmp[i]) && !isspace(tmp[i]) && tmp[i] != '"')
          break;
      else
          tmp[i] = '\0';
    }

    strcpy (name, tmp);

    /* Prefix the letter 'N' to materials that begin with a digit */
    if (!isdigit (name[0]))
       strcpy (tmp, name);
    else {
       tmp[0] = 'N';
       strcpy (&tmp[1], name);
    }

    /* Replace all illegal charaters in name with underscores */
    for (i = 0; tmp[i] != '\0'; i++) {
       if (!isalnum(tmp[i]))
         tmp[i] = '_';
    }

    strcpy (name, tmp);

    free (tmp);
}



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